ラディスラス・スタレヴィッチ

ラディスラス・スタレヴィッチ Ladislas Starevitch, Wladyslaw Starewicz(1882〜1965、ロシア、フランス)

履歴:
1882 : August 8th, Moscow : birth of Ladislas Alexandrowitch Starewitch (Polish nationality).
1886 : Death of his mother.
  * Upbringing in the surroundings of Kovno (Lithuania) by his maternal grand’ parents.
   * Elementary schooling in Kovno, secondary schooling in Dorpat (Estonia).
   * Expelled from school because of his independant and critical mind.
   * Interested in drawning, painting, entomology he collects butterflies, writes in newspapers and acts in theatre plays.
   To a great extent Starewitch is a self-taught man who earns his leaving by selling his pictures.
1906 : November 25th : marriage to Anna Zimmermann.
1907 : Birth of their first daughter Irène. As a child she acted in her father’s picture The Lily of Belgium and other films.
  * She was his assistant-director and worked with him from the 1920’s till his death. Then she devoted the rest of her life to preserve his work. Making cadastral surveys he is a civil servant at the Land Registry Commission in Kovno ; he is also a theatre actor and a photographer during his freetime he attends the first film screenings that are organised in the region.
   * He has business dealings with the Kovno Ethnography Museum that asks him to photography the countryside and film folk ceremonies. According to some testimonies Starewitch is one of the two Museum founders. It is for this Museum that he shot his first live action film : Beyond the River Niemen, in 1909.
1910 : Publications of caricatures in Kovienskoïé Ziepkalo (The Kovno Mirror).
To throw light on the way insects used to live he directed Lucanus Cervus, his first frame by frame picture using artificial stag – beetles made of plasticine and wire - his first animated puppets.
Encouraged by the success of this first animated film, he writes and directs his first scripts : The Beautiful Lukanida, in 1910, and The Ant and the Grasshopper, in 1911. He works for Alexandre Khanjonkov a well-known film producer. It’s an international success.
1912 : Ladislas Starewitch settles in his own home movie studio in Moscow.
1913 : Birth of their second daughter Jeanne. She will act in numerous pictures of the 1920’s as " Nina Star ".
When World War I breaks out, Ladislas Starewitch has already directed about twenty films among them feature-films with famous actors like Ivan Mozzhukhin.
But warfare and the Russian Revolution put an end to this comfortable life to come. He works for diverse producers.
1918-1919 : Ladislas Starewitch leaves Mocow for Odessa and Yalta. The Civil War and economical difficulties force him to leave Crimea. He goes to Italy, stays there for a while and goes to France.
1920 - 21. He arrives in France and definitively settles in the suburbs of Paris ; at first in Joinville-le-Pont and then in Fontenay-sous-Bois.
Working in his own home movie studio he produces and directs films he has then distributed by various companies. In the 1920’s Ladislas Starewitch only directs animated puppet films. Thirteen short films are shot during this decade some of them include actors.
1925 : The Voice of the Nightingale (1923) is awarded the Hugo Riesenfiels Medal " as the most novel short subject motion picture in the USA during the year 1925 " (Medal inscription).
1928 : Production contract between Ladislas Starewitch and Louis Nalpas.
1933 : Breaching of this contract. All future Starewitch films are co-productions.
  * The early 30’s are still very prolific with The Lion and the Gnat, The Old Lion, the first shorts of the Mascot series and of course The Tale of the Fox (the pictures were shot between 1928 and 1930 but the French sound version was only released in France in 1941 (see more details in Filmography).
   * The late 20’s and the early 30’s can be regarded as the apogee in Ladislas Starewitch’s career. But scoring and colour upset conditions of film production. It was more and more difficult for a lonely author like Ladislas Starewitch to keep his place as well as to finf producers financing films.
   * World War II also brings difficulties.
   * But from the late 40’s until his death Ladislas Starewitch keeps on directing.
1947 : Zanzabelle in Paris is awarded the Gold Medal at the Venice Festival for the best children’s film. Ladislas Starewitch starts directing Midsummer Nightdream, a project he had been working on for ten years but he has to give up because of lack of money.
1949 : Fern Flower is awarded the First Price for the best animated film at the XIth Children’s Film Festival in Venice.
1956 : Death of Anna.
1965 : February 26th death of Ladislas Starewith while working on his last film " Like Dog and Cat ".
1984 : Death of Jeanne, Nina Star.
1992 : Death of Irène.

フィルモグラフィー:
1909-1914 NAD NIEMANOM(Beyond the River Niemen)
1909-1914 JIZN STREKOZY(The Life of the Dragonfly)
1909-1914 JOUKI(The Beetles)
1910 VALKAZUKOV(The Battle of the Stag Beetles)
1910 PREKRASNYA LUKANIDA.(The Beautiful Lukanida)
1911 MIEST KINOOPERATORA(The Cameraman’s Revenge/映画カメラマンの復讐)
1911 ROZHDYESTVO OBITATELI LYESA(The Insects' Christmas/森の住民のクリスマス)
1911 STREKOZAI I MOURAVIE(The Ant and the Grasshopper/蟻とキリギリス)
1912 STRACHNAIA MYEST(The Terrible Vengeance)
1912 NOCH' PERED ROZHDESTVOM(The Night before Christmas)
1912 VESELYE STSENKI IZ ZHIZNI ZHIVOTNYKH(Amusing Scenes from the Life of Insects)
1912 PUTESHESTVIE NA LUNU(A Journey to the Moon)
1913 RUSLAN I LUDMILLA(Ruslan and Ludmilla)
1914 SNEGUROCHKA( The Snow Maiden)
1914 PASYNOK MARSA(Mars’s Stepson)
1914 KAYSER-GOGIEL-MOGIEL(Gogel-Mogel General)
1914 TROIKA(Troika)
1914 FLEURS FANEES(Faded Flowers)
1915 LE CHANT DU BAGNARD(The Convict's Song)
1915 PORTRET(The Portrait)
1915 LILIYA (BEL'GII)(The Lily of Belgium)
1915 ETO TYEBYE PRINADLEZIT(It’s Fine for You)
1915  EROS I PSYCHE(Eros and Psyche)
1916 DVYE VSTRYECHI(Two Meetings)
1916 LE FAUNE EN LAISSE(The Chained Faun)
1916 O CHOM CHOUMIELO MORIE(The Murmuring Sea)
1916 TAMAN(Taman)
1916 NA VARSAVSKOM TRAKTYE(On The Warsaw Highway)
1917 PAN TWARDOWSKI(Mister Twardowski)
1917 SASHKA-NAEZDNIK(Sashka the Horseman)
1917 K NARODNOI VLASTI(Towards People’s Power)
1918 KALIOSTRO(Cagliostro)
1918 YOLA(Iola)
1918 WII(Vij)
1918 SOROTCHINSKAIA YARMAKA(The Sorotchninsk Fair)
1918 MAISKAYA NOCH(May Night)
1918 STELLA MARIS(L'Etoile de mer. Starfish)
1920 DANS LES GRIFFES DE L'ARAIGNEE(In the Claws of the Spider)
1921 LE MARIAGE DE BABYLAS(Babylas’s Marriage)
1921 L'EPOUVANTAIL(The Scarecrow)
1922 LES GRENOUILLES QUI DEMANDENT UN ROI(Frogland/The Frogs Who Wanted a King/かえるの国王を欲しがった蛙
1923 LA VOIX DU ROSSIGNOL(The Voice of the Nightingale/ナイチンゲールの歌声)
1923 AMOUR NOIR ET BLANC(Love in Black and White)
1924 LA PETITE CHANTEUSE DES RUES(The Little Street Singer)
1925 LES YEUX DU DRAGON(The Eyes of the Dragon)
1926 LE RAT DE VILLE ET LE RAT DES CHAMPS(The Town Rat and the Country Rat)
1926 LES JEUX DES ANGES(ふたりの天使 )
1927 LA CIGALE ET LA FOURMI(The Ant and the Grasshopper)
1927 LA REINE DES PAPILLONS(The Queen of the Butterflies)
1928 L'HORLOGE MAGIQUE.(The Magic Clock/魔法の時計)
1928 LA PETITE PARADE(The Little Parade)
1929-1930 LE ROMAN DE RENARD(The Tale of the Fox)
1932 LE LION ET LE MOUCHERON(The Lion and the Fly)
1932 LE LION DEVENU VIEUX(The Old Lion)
1933 FETICHE MASCOTTE(The Mascot/マスコット
1934 FETICHE PRESTIDIGITATEUR(The Ringmaster)
1935 FETICHE SE MARIE(The Mascot’s Marriage)
1936 FETICHE EN VOYAGE DE NOCES(The Navigator)
1937 FETICHE CHEZ LES SIRENES.(The Mascot and the Mermaids)
1947 ZANZABELLE A PARIS(Zanzabelle in Paris)
1949 FLEUR DE FOUGERE(Fern Flowers)
1953 GAZOUILLY PETIT OISEAU(Little Bird Gazouilly)
1954 GUEULE DE BOIS(Hangover)
1955 UN DIMANCHE DE GAZOUILLY(Gazouilly’s Sunday Picnic)
1956 NEZ AU VENT(Nose to the Wind)
1958 CARROUSEL BOREAL(Winter Carousel)
1965 COMME CHIEN ET CHAT(Like Dog and Cat)

関連サイト:
L. Starewitch, Starewicz, Starevitch(公式サイト)http://pagesperso-orange.fr/ls/
DARKSTRIDER(フィルムクリップ集) http://www.darkstrider.net/gallery2a.html

  • 最終更新:2009-07-08 00:32:02

このWIKIを編集するにはパスワード入力が必要です

認証パスワード